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Video:The Difference Between Hashimoto's Disease and Hypothyroidism

with Dr. Mary Ann Block

Hashimoto's disease and hypothyroidism are often confused. Learn the important differences between the autoimmune disease and thyroid condition in this About.com health video.See Transcript

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Transcript:The Difference Between Hashimoto's Disease and Hypothyroidism

Hi, I’m Dr. Mary Ann Block, Physician, Author and Medical Director of The Block Center in Dallas/Fort Worth. I’m here for About.com. In this video, I’ll explain the difference between Hashimoto’s disease and hypothyroidism.  

Similarities Between Hashimoto’s Disease and Hypothyroidism

Both Hashimoto’s disease and hypothyroidism have to do with the functioning of your thyroid gland. In both cases, the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones the body needs. 

Excess Antibodies Indicate Hashimoto’s Disease

Hashimoto’s disease, also known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, is an autoimmune disease. If you have this disease, antibodies react against proteins in your thyroid, which makes your thyroid produce less hormones and it could gradually destruct the gland.  By taking a blood sample, your doctor will probably find high levels of antibodies against thyroglobulin and thyroid peroxidase.  Many Hashimoto’s disease patients also have an enlarged thyroid, also known as a goiter.  Other symptoms can be difficulty sleeping, tiredness, weight changes, and anxiety. Hashimoto’s disease typically involves a slow destruction of the thyroid gland.  

Hashimoto’s Disease May Lead to Hypothyroidism

 Eventually, the thyroid is not able to produce enough hormones, a condition known as hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is a condition that involves the thyroid not producing enough thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism can have similar symptoms as Hasimoto’s disease.  And even though many people with Hashimoto’s disease end up hypothyroid, they are two different things.  So, in short: Hypothyroidism is a condition, and Hashimoto’s disease is a disease.  

For more on thyroid issues, visit health.about.com. Thanks for watching!

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