Video:Drugs Used to Treat Thyroid Conditionswith Dr. Mary Ann Block
Certain drugs are commonly used to treat thyroid conditions. Watch this video from About.com to learn all about the options.See Transcript
Transcript:Drugs Used to Treat Thyroid Conditions
Hi, I'm Dr. Mary Ann Block, Physician, Author and Medical Director of The Block Center in Dallas/Fort Worth. I'm here for About.com. In this video, I'll talk about the drugs often used to treat thyroid conditions.
Drugs For Treating Thyroid Conditions
Let's start with drugs commonly used to treat hypothyroidism. When your thyroid is not producing enough hormones, you can take thyroid hormone replacement medications. The most commonly prescribed drug is levothyroxine, a synthetic form of the thyroid hormone thyroxine, also known as T4. It's usually taken orally, on a daily basis. Liothyronine is another medication for hypothyroidism. It's available both in a manufactured form (Cytomel), and as generic liothyronine. Liothyronine is a synthetic form of the T3 thyroid hormone.
More Drugs For Treating Thyroid Conditions
And Liotrix is a combination of both the T3 and T4 hormone - it's available in manufactured form known as ‘Thyrolar.' And then there ‘s desiccated thyroid, made from dried pig thyroid. It was used a lot in the early 1900's, before the use of levothyroxine. But dessicated thyroid is becoming more popular nowadays, with holistically-oriented physicians who believe in a more natural approach. Now, let's take a look at common drugs used for hyperthyroidism. When your thyroid produces too many hormones, you can take drugs to reduce or eliminiate thyroid hormone production.
Other Drugs For Treating Thyroid Conditions
Propylthiouracil, also known as PTU, and methimazole, also known as Tapazole - are two medications that stop the thyroid from producing T3 and T4 hormones. You usually have o take the medication for at least 1 year. Antithyroid medicine does not permanently damage your thyroid gland. That's not the case with radioactive iodine therapy - another way of reducing thyroid hormone production. It gradually shrinks and kills your thyroid.
Since thyroid cells are the only cells in the body that can absorb iodine - this medication effectively attacks only the thyroid cells. Radioiodine usually can be taken by mouth, at home. It usually takes one to two months before all thyroid cells have been killed. For more on thyroid conditions and medications, go to Health.About.com.
Thanks for watching!