If Function in Excel - How Conditional Statements Work in Excel Video
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Video:IF Function in Excel

with Don Schechter

The 'if' function in Microsoft Excel is perfect for projects such as doing grades for a pass/fail course. Find out how to add it to your spreadsheet.See Transcript

Transcript:IF Function in Excel

Hi, I'm Don Schechter for About.com Computing. Today, I'll show you how conditional statements work in Excel.

Open a Spreadsheet

First, open Excel. I'll open a saved spreadsheet to practice my 'if' function. The conditional statement--if this, then that--works particularly well when doing grades for a pass/fail course. As you can see, that's exactly what I'm going to do.

Add an If Function

To add an "if" function, go to the first cell, C2, and type 'equals, if' in uppercase letters, open parenthesis. You'll notice a little screen tip come up to help you remember how to write the 'if' statement.

Now I'll type 'B2,' then a greater than symbol. For this class, 65 is a passing grade.

Next, we need to type in 'If B2 is greater than 65, it is passing.' So I'll type a comma, and in quotes, the word 'Pass.'

And now, we need to give a value to if B2, if the statement is false. So I'll type a comma, and in quotes the word 'Fail.' Now I'll close the parenthesis.

Check the If Function

This is the entire 'if' function. It tells Excel that if the grade is greater than 65, it will automatically put 'Pass' in the cell. If it is less than 65, you will see 'Fail.'

Now let's see who passed and who didn't. I'll just drag this down the column to see how they did.

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