Video:Learn Spanish: How to Conjugate Saber in Present Tensewith Milo De Prieto
Learn how to conjugate saber in present tense so that you can properly use this Spanish verb. Here are tips for conjugating saber in present tense.See Transcript
Transcript:Learn Spanish: How to Conjugate Saber in Present Tense
Hola, I'm Milo for About.com and today we're talking about conjugating the verb saber, to know, in the present tense. You may know there is also another word, conocer, which also means to know. The difference is that conocer is for people or to be familiar with something, while saber is for knowledge or facts.
Conjugation of Saber in Present Tense
Saber is almost a regular verb following the typical pattern.
- yo se: I know
- tú sabes: you (informal) know
- usted sabe: you (formal) know / él/ella sabe: he, she knows
- nosotros sabemos: we know
- vosotros sabéis: you (plural Spain informal) know
- ustedes saben: you (plural Latin America, Spain formal) know / ellos/ellas saben: they know
You see that saber is a regular verb except for the first person singular, yo. Remember, because the subject is embedded in the verb, you can drop it.
Examples of Saber in Present Tense in Sentences
Yo se mucho de la cocina. I know a lot about cooking.
Usted sabe más que mi profesor de historia. You know more than my professor of history.
Ella sabe cómo arreglar un motor. She knows how to fix a motor.
Sabemos nuestros asientos en el avión. We know our seats in the plane.
¿Sabéis cuando llega el tren de Valencia? Do you know when the train from Valencia arrives?
Saben cuando tienen que entrar. They know when they have to enter.
Gerund Form of Saber in Present Tense
The gerund of saber is sabiendo. It is not used the same as in English, where the gerund can be the noun version of the verb. For instance, knowledge is conocimiento. Sabiendo is used sometimes to mean "while knowing" or "when knowing." However it is fairly flexible. Typically in Spanish the gerund is used with the estar form of the "to be" verb. You only use this construction when you want to underline that the action is happening this very moment, although this particular construction would be rather strange in Spanish or English.
Continue practicing and soon you will be speaking with confidence in no time. For more information on Spanish, check us out at About.com.