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Video:Learn Spanish: How to Conjugate Estar in Present Tense

with Milo De Prieto

Learn how to conjugate estar in present tense so that you can use this important Spanish verb properly. Here are some tips for conjugating estar in present tense.See Transcript

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Transcript:Learn Spanish: How to Conjugate Estar in Present Tense

Hola, I'm Milo for About.com and today we're talking about conjugating the verb estar, to be, in the present tense. In Spanish there are two "to be" verbs, ser and estar. Ser typically is for permanent being and estar for temporary status and location. Estar is more regular than its other "to be" counterpart.

Conjugation of Estar in Present Tense

  • yo estoy: I am
  • tú estás: you (informal) are
  • usted está: you (formal) are / él/ella está: he, she is
  • nosotros estamos: we are
  • vosotros estáis: you (plural Spain informal) are
  • ustedes están: you (plural Latin America, Spain formal) are / ellos/ellas están: they are

Tips for Conjugating Estar in Present Tense

Notice the accented a throughout. In this conjugation, estoy pretty much will always mean a location or a temporary state of being such as an emotion. As you may know when estar is used with a gerund of another verb it forms the present progressive, such as "Estoy corriendo," I am running. You should know that this is not used as commonly as it is in English. It is only meant to underline something that is presently happening right now. Remember, because the subject is embedded in the verb, you can drop it.

Examples of Estar in Present Tense in Sentences

Estoy en casa. I'm at home.

¿Dónde estás? Where are you?

Ella está muy feliz porque es su cumpleaños. She is very happy cause it is her birthday.

Estamos cerca de la playa. We are near the beach.

¿Estáis contentos con la competición? Are you happy with the competition?

Ellos están en la segunda cuidad de su viaje. They are in the second city of their trip.

Conjugation of the Gerund of Estar in Present Tense

The gerund of estar is estando. It is not used the same as in English, where the gerund can be the noun version of the verb; in Spanish that is usually the infinitive. Estando is typically used to mean, 'While being..." or "When being..." at a location or feeling a certain way.

Solamente se pone el bañador estando en la playa. He only wears a swimsuit when he is at the beach.

Estando en una tienda me entran las ganas de comprar. When I am in a store I get the desire to shop.

Estando triste me entran ganas de llorar. When I am sad I have the desire to cry.

Continue practicing and soon you will be speaking with confidence in no time. For more information on Spanish, check us out at About.com.

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