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Video:What Is the Preoperational Stage of Cognitive Development?

with Dr. Robert Reiner

The preoperational stage of childhood development is part of Piaget's theory of how cognition develops in children. This About.com video will explain the preoperational stage of cognition.See Transcript

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Transcript:What Is the Preoperational Stage of Cognitive Development?

I'm Dr. Robert Reiner from Behavioral Associates in New York, talking about the preoperational stage of development that was first published by the Swiss psychologist, Piaget.

Explanation of Preoperational Stage of Cognition

This is usually the age of, say, between 2 and 6, where children begin to be able to use symbols, put expressions together, but they are still not capable of non-egocentric thinking. For example, there was an experiment done where they showed a child at this stage a picture looking at a lake from a particular angle and they said: "well what would the lake look like from this angle?" and that requires being able to put yourself in someone else's shoes - literally in this situation - to see things from a different perspective. And children at this stage, this preoperational stage, cannot do that. They really cannot take on another perspective, so it's an egocentric, the-world-revolves-around-me kind of stage. So while certain skills are acquired, like role-playing, mommy-daddy stuff like that, and, you know, play-pretend there's still not the important ability developed yet which is being able to take on another person's point of view or perspective.

I'm Dr. Robert Reiner from Behavioral Associates in New York, we were talking about Piaget's preoperational stage of development. If you need more information about this, go to About.com.

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