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Video:What Are the Four Brain Lobes?

with Hollie Hancock

Studying the four brain lobes can help you better understand why peoples react in certain ways, and what psychological care is necessary in specific situations. Learn more about the four brain lobes in this video from About.com.See Transcript

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Transcript:What Are the Four Brain Lobes?

Hi I'm Hollie Hancock, here with About.com to discus briefly the four lobes of the brain. The brain -- wow! Quite literally, it's the most fascinating organ in our bodies.

 Why Should We Study the Four Brain Lobes? 

Scientists and researchers have made great strides in understanding the brain, its functions, and how to heal the brain in the case of injury or illness. To our benefit, soldiers coming back from war are getting better care now than they have at any time before, because of the advancements these scientists and researchers have made in helping to heal these men and women with traumatic brain injuries. Understanding the brain, and the sections, or lobes of the brain that are affected due to injury or illness, helps doctors, speech and occupational therapists, provide the best care and treatment possible for their patients.

 Frontal Lobe Controls Cognitive Functions 

Alright, let's jump in and take a closer look at the four lobes of the brain: At the front of our head, we find the frontal lobe. This lobe of the brain is responsible for high levels of cognitive functioning, or executive functioning. It also is responsible for our reasoning, our motor skills, and expressive language. Toward the back of the frontal lobe lies the motor cortex. The motor cortex is the receptor of information coming from throughout the body and utilizes this information to coordinate our body movements.

 Parietal Lobe Controls Sensory Functions 

Next is the parietal lobe. The parietal lobe is located in the middle of the brain and is associated with our sensory functions such as pressure, pain, and touch. This is the somatosensory center for the brain and is responsible for processing the body's senses.

 Temporal Lobe Controls Language    

  The third lobe of the brain is the temporal lobe. Another one that is easily found simply by the way it is named. The temporal lobe sits below the frontal lobe, near your temples. The temporal lobe is associated with processing sounds and the language we hear. A very important portion of our brains, known as the Hippocampus, is also located in the temporal lobe. The hippocampus is heavily associated with the formation of memories. Damage to the temporal lobe may cause loss of memory, speech perceptions and language skills.

  Occipital Lobe Controls Vision  

The last lobe we'll look at is the occipital lobe. The occipital lobe is located in the back of our brain and sits right above the brain stem. This lobe is responsible for our visual perceptions of the world around us. The occipital lobe receives information taken in through our retinas in our eyes and interprets the information we see. The brain is truly a wonder. The more we learn about the different lobes of the brain, and the areas within these lobes that interpret information, the better we can understand and make sense of the world in which we live.

I'm Hollie Hancock with About.com. For more information about your brain and other topics related to the brain, visit us online.

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