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Video:Overview of the 4 Parenting Styles

with Jane Fendelman

Parents differ greatly in their styles, but still fall under 4 broa categories. In this psychology video from About.com, get an overview of the 4 parenting styles and their components.See Transcript

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Transcript:Overview of the 4 Parenting Styles

Hi, this is Jane Fendelman for About.com and this video is about an overview of the four parenting styles.

Diana Baumrind and the Components of Parenting Styles

In the 1960s, psychologist Diana Baumrind started investigating, researching different parenting styles. In her research she found that there are four important components to look at when determining a parenting style. They include:  

  • method and style of discipline
  • communication style
  • warmth and nurturance 
  • expectations for control and maturity  

The Authoritarian Parenting Style

First of the four parenting types are authoritarian. The authoritarian type is the kind of parent who says "it's my way or the highway." They have very strict, rigid rules. They're not very interested in what the child thinks or feels. They expect their expectations to be met, no conversation.  

There's not a whole lot in the way of warmth and nurturance there. They expect the child to be mature, and they expect to have total control over that child. The authoritarian parent does not like when children ask questions.  

They want compliance. They want control over their children. And they don't want to have a conversation about something that they want. Which is very different from the authoritative parent, which is the second parenting type.

The Authoritative Parenting Style

The authoritative parent is willing to answer questions. They want their children to be assertive and self-regulating. The authoritative parent is assertive but not restrictive. They're more democratic in the way they deal with their children, and they're more forgiving, less punishing than the authoritarian parent.  

The authoritative parent has healthy expectations and goals for their children and if the goals aren't met, it's not the end of the world. They'll have a conversation, they'll work together to have their successes.

The Permissive Parenting Style

Permissive parenting is the parent who is considered to be more overly-indulgent.  They have an excessive amount of warmth and nurturance. They allow for a considerable amount of self-regulation and are lighter on the rules and regulations.  

They're more reactive in terms of placing demands on their children, it's really more "parenting when necessary." And the permissive parent has lower expectations for maturity and self-control in the child.

The Uninvolved Parent

Fourth is the uninvolved parent. In this parenting style the parent is somewhat neglectful, not aware of the child's needs whatsoever. There is very little communication. And this parent places few demands on the child. They're not involved in their life. 

And they're relatively detached from the child's needs, mental/emotional needs.  They'll provide the basic needs, but after that, there's not much connection there.

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