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Video:STD Symptoms

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STDs often go undiagnosed because their symptoms are hard to spot. This About.com video will give us an overview of some of the symptoms of some STDs.See Transcript

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Transcript:STD Symptoms

Hello, this is Dr. Poynor, here with About.com, and today we'll be talking about symptoms of STDs.

STDs are sexually transmitted diseases, that is, infections that are transmitted through sexual contact. Since STDs are often asymptomatic, one may go months or years undiagnosed.

When there are symptoms in an STD, what are they?

STD Symptoms: Gonorrhea and Chlamydia

In gonorrhea and chlamydia, bacterial infections of the genital tract, half of the patients will not experience any symptoms, but the other half may feel pain or a burning sensation when urinating, an abnormal discharge from the penis or vagina, and either pain during intercourse in women in the case of chlamydia, or swollen testicles and abnormal menstrual bleeding in the case of gonorrhea.

STD Symptoms: Genital Herpes

In genital herpes, the cause is the herpes simplex virus. The virus enters the body through little cracks in either the skin or mucous membranes. Oftentimes there are no symptoms but if there is an outbreak, typically the first one is the worst.

Symptoms may include small, red bumps, blisters or open sores (ulcers) in the genital and anal areas. Also, pain or itching around that region as well as the inner thighs and buttocks could occur.

STD Symptoms: Genital Warts

Genital warts, caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), are extremely common. Oftentimes, warts, which are small flesh growths, will occur, and form a cluster in the genital area. These will cause itching, discomfort, and possibly bleeding during intercourse. These warts do no cause any other symptoms, and can sometimes grow in hidden areas, such as the walls of the vagina or the cervix. Also, sometimes they are almost invisible to the naked eye because of their small size.

STD Symptoms: Syphilis

In the case of syphilis, a chancre, or small painless sore appears on the site of the infection, and along with swollen lymph nodes, marks stage 1 of the disease. Three more stages will follow if left untreated, and cause symptoms such as rashes, sores, fever, fatigue to much more severe organ damage and finally, death.

STD Symptoms: Hepatitis B

With hepatitis B, again, some people will never develop any symptoms but if they do, those would include nausea, fatigue, fever, discomfort in the liver area, a darkened urine, and jaundice, which is a yellowing of the skin and the white area around the iris of the eye.

STD Symptoms: HIV

If the individual has been infected with HIV, symptoms may manifest a decade or so after the infection, although some people will develop flu-like symptoms a few weeks after exposure.

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