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Video:Basic Brush Types and Strokes

with Jeanine Hattas

There's a whole world of brushes out there - learn which brushes do what, and how you can achieve the paint effect you're going for.See Transcript

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Transcript:Basic Brush Types and Strokes

Hi - my name is Jeanine Hattas, I'm with Fresh Custom Art and Murals, and today we're going to learn about purchasing brushes and the types of strokes you can make with different types of brushes.

Types of Paint Brushes

When going to a store and seeing the brushes, there's many different types that you'll see. This is called a round brush. This is a filbert, which is sort of flat, but it has a rounded top. This is called a bright - it's a flat brush, but it's rather short. And this is a flat brush, where the bristles are a little bit longer, and it's flat.

Hairs on Paint Brushes

Also at the store you're going to see many different types of hairs on the brush. When doing oil painting, a great type of brush to get are the hog bristles, because they're very tough, and the oil paint is very thick. You'll also usually be hitting the canvas kind of hard, and this type of brush can handles that. Another brush you can use with oil, and that's great with acrylic is the sable and synthetic fibers. These brushes are more flexible than the hog, and move the paint around the canvas very smoothly. Watercolor brushes are the softest - and this is a synthetic fiber.

Paint Brush Strokes: The Flat Brush

The different types of brushes you purchase will give you a different effect with the paint. I'll start with a flat brush - we'll put it in the turpentine and get some paint here. A flat brush is going to give you a pretty straight line. It will also give you a nice thin line, too. Flat brushes are great for getting a lot of paint on the canvas rather quickly, so it's great for your under-painting.

Paintbrush Strokes: The Bright Brush

The next brush is the bright, with the shorter bristles - we'll use some red. The bright acts a little bit like the flat brush, except it doesn't hold as much paint, and it's also great for scumbling. You have a lot of control to do interesting painting effects. And it will also do a nice straight line.

Paintbrush Strokes: The Filbert Brush

The next brush is a filbert, which is sort of flat but has a rounded top. This is great for softer edges, and also fine detail. We're not getting such a straight edge - it's softer on the edges here. This is a great brush for blending, and also fine detail at the end of your painting when you're doing the top layer.

Paintbrush Strokes: The Round Brush

And finally, there's the round brush. This is very good for very fine detail. It's not going to hold a lot of paint - the brush moves very easily back and forth and allows you to work very small.

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