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Video:Common Causes of Shoulder Pain

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Shoulder pain occurs due to excessive use of the shoulder, which leads to inflammation and swelling. In this About.com video, learn the common causes of shoulder pain and treatments.See Transcript

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Transcript:Common Causes of Shoulder Pain

Hi, I'm Dr. Michael Gross from Active Orthopedics and Sports Medicine in Hackensack, New Jersey. I'm here today for About.com to discuss the causes of shoulder pain.

Shoulder pain is an extremely common complaint, and there are many causes of this problem. 

Bursitis is a Common cause of Shoulder Pain

Bursitis is the most common cause of shoulder pain. Sometimes, excessive use of the shoulder leads to inflammation and swelling of the bursa between the rotator cuff and part of the shoulder blade known as the acromion.

Why does Bursitis Occur?

The result is a condition known as subacromial bursitis. Bursitis often occurs in association with tendonitis of the rotator cuff tendons. The rotator cuff is made up of four tendons that surround the shoulder and cause it to rotate. Your rotator cuff helps to provide shoulder motion and stability.

Rotator cuff tears occur when the tendons of the rotator cuff separate from the bone. Impingement and rotator cuff tendonitis may progress to rotator cuff tears if untreated.

Adhesive Capsulitis

Frozen shoulder, also called adhesive capsulitis, is a common condition that leads to both pain and severe stiffness. Sometimes this occurs spontaneously, at other times it is secondary to another condition.

Calcific tendonitis is a condition of painful calcium deposits within the rotator cuff tendons. This is often the most painful of all the shoulder conditions that I treat.

Shoulder Instability

Shoulder Instability is a problem that causes a loose joint. Instability can be caused by a traumatic injury, dislocation, or may simply over time.

Shoulder dislocations are an injury that occur when the shoulder acutely pops out of its socket. This can sometimes become a recurrent problem.

Shoulder Separation

Shoulder separation, which is also called an AC separation is the result of a disruption of the acromioclavicular joint, the small joint on the top of the shoulder.

This is a very different injury from a dislocation.The labrum is a ring of cartilage that surrounds the shoulder socket. There are several patterns of a torn labrum, and the most common is the SLAP tear.

A SLAP tear often causes painful clicking when the arm is used overhead. Correct treatment of these conditions must be directed at the specific cause of your problem. Some signs that you should be see a doctor include: Inability to carry objects or use the armInjury that causes deformity of the jointShoulder pain that awakens you from sleepShoulder pain that persists beyond a few daysInability to raise the arm, swelling or significant bruising around the joint or arm, and any signs of an infection, including fever, redness or warmth. That was a little bit about causes of shoulder pain. For more information please visit About.com.

I'm Dr. Michael Gross from Active Orthopedics & Sports Medicine.

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