Video:Learn Italian: How to Conjugate Esserewith Jodina Hahn Gallo
Essere means to be in Italian. Learn how to conjugate essere in Italian to speak authentically.See Transcript
Transcript:Learn Italian: How to Conjugate Essere
Buongiorno! I am Jodina. I am a professional, credentialed Italian language teacher and I spent nine years of my life living in Italy. For more than 15 years I have taught languages to all different types of people. Let's take a look at the verb, essere, to be.
Essere Means "To Be" in Italian
Just like in English, the verb essere is critical to expressing many things; to quote Hamlet, or in Italian Amleto. essere or non-essere, to be or not to be. You already know that in English the verb to be has several forms depending on the subject. I am, you are, he/she is, we are, and they are. Italian is no different, you need to use the correct form combined with the correct subject. Let's see what that looks like.
Conjugations for Essere
- Io sono, I am.
- Tu sei, you are.
- Lui/Lei è, he/she is.
- Lei è, you are.
- Noi siamo, we are.
- Voi siete, you are.
- Loro sono, they are.
How to Use Essere Conjugations
Now, you have probably noticed that there are three different forms of you are in Italian. Let's take a look at why.
Tu sei is familiar singular you. You would use it with a friend, a family member, or a child. Lei is the formal you, still singular. You would use it with someone you don't know or someone you don't know very well. Voi siete is the plural you form, kind of like an English y'all. Now let's take a look at a few example sentences using essere.
Example Sentences Using Essere
- Io sono maestro d'italiano. I am an Italian teacher.
- Tu sei il mio amico. You are my friend.
- Lui è bello. He is handsome.
- Di dov'è Lei? Where are you from?
- Noi siamo in città. We are in the city.
- Voi siete al mercato. You/"y'all" are at the market.
- Loro sono mie sorelle. They are my sisters.
And there you have it, the verb essere in italiano.