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Video:Causes of Female Infertility

with Dr. Serena Chen

Female infertility can be caused by a variety of issues. Watch this About.com video to learn common reasons why a female may be infertile.See Transcript

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Transcript:Causes of Female Infertility

Hi, I’m Dr. Serena Chen, Division Director for Reproductive Medicine at St. Barnabas Hospital in Livingston, New Jersey, and I’m here to talk about causes of infertility for About.com. 

Signs of Infertility

You may be infertile when you have regular, unprotected sex for a period of time without successfully getting pregnant. When you’re trying to conceive, regular unprotected sex for more than twelve months is the standard definition for infertility if you’re under thirty-five. On the other hand, if you’re over thirty-five, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine recommends that you get a full evaluation for infertility after only six months of unprotected, regular sex.  

Causes of Infertility

So, what are some possible causes for infertility? So, a lot of infertility factors are due to female factors. One common factor is tubal factor infertility. When we say tubal factor infertility, we’re talking about the fallopian tubes. The fallopian tubes are attached to the uterus and are the conduit for the sperm to get together with the egg. Blocked fallopian tubes can prevent the egg and sperm from getting together and therefore can cause infertility.  Many women with tubal disease have no symptoms at all, and about half of women who have blocked tubes have no obvious risk factors for tubal disease. Because tubal disease usually has no symptoms other than infertility, if you are having trouble conceiving, it’s important to talk with your doctor about getting a test to evaluate whether or not your tubes are open.  

Anovulation

Another common cause of female infertility is anovulation. Irregular periods are defined as periods that are less than twenty-four days apart or more than thirty-five days apart.  Another common cause for female factor infertility is endometriosis. It affects up to ten percent of couples with infertility and accounts for forty percent of women with unexplained infertility. As a fertility specialist in New Jersey, I find two of the most common fertility factors that I deal with are age and obesity. Fat is an endocrine organ and as such can affect your fertility, can affect ovulation and can affect your response to fertility treatment.  Thanks for watching. For more information, for more information, please visit About.com.

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