Video:Build a Flagstone Patio and Walkwaywith J.J. Burkart
A patio is the perfect place to unwind on warm summer nights. Watch how to make a flagstone patio and walkway in your backyard.See Transcript
Transcript:Build a Flagstone Patio and WalkwayHi, I'm J.J. Burkart for About.com. I'm going to show you how to put in a flagstone patio and walkway.
Supplies Needed for a Stone Patio and WalkwayYou will need:
- a large amount of sand
- some large, flat stones
- a large amount of gravel fill
- a wheelbarrow
- a shovel
- a metal rake
- a tamper
- several bags of crushed stone stabilizer
Form the Perimeter of the PatioFirst, form the perimeter of your patio. If it is going to be raised above ground level, you should stagger each layer of stone to add stability.
In this case, we are also adding a drain tile to draw water away from the foundation of the house.
Fill the Center With Gravel and SandOnce you have the perimeter in place, fill in the center with gravel. Gravel is a good fill material because it is cheaper than soil or sand and it allows water to drain away.
Leave space to accommodate a layer of sand and the depth of your stones. Add a layer of sand about 6 inches deep. Level the sand.
Level the GradeYou will need to check your grade with a board and a level to make certain that the patio is pitched away from your house. This will prevent puddles from forming and keep water away from your foundation.
Pack the sand and gravel using the tamper. This will decrease the amount of settling that occurs and help keep your patio level.
Lay the Patio StonesOnce your grade is properly leveled and tamped, start placing the stones. You can be creative in your design, but try to keep the spaces between the stones relatively small and try to keep the tops relatively flush.
In this case, we are working with very irregular stones, so we expect a somewhat uneven surface. You may have to add or remove sand to level each individual stone.
Continue to check your level as you go along. You can use the edge of a board to smooth large areas.
Add the Stone StabilizerAfter your stones are in place, pour a generous amount of crushed stone stabilizer onto the patio surface. Sweep it into the cracks to fill in spaces and stabilize the patio.
Follow the same procedure for the walkway or steps. Make sure you have things leveled and pitched properly before laying your stones.
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