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Video:Profile of Charles Darwin

with Jade Broadus

Charles Darwin is most known for Darwinism, his theory explaining evolution in the Origin of Species. Watch this About.com video to learn more about Charles Darwin's life, research, and legacy.See Transcript

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Transcript:Profile of Charles Darwin

Hi I'm Jade and today with About.com we are going to discuss the life and legacy of Charles Darwin and the Theory of Evolution.

Charles Darwin was a British Naturalist whose studies and theories of evolution by natural selection completely changed and shaped the modern view of science and natural history.

Charles Darwin: Early Life and Education

Charles Darwin was born in England on February 12, 1809. His father was a well established society Physician and in 1825 sent Darwin to study medicine at the University of Edinburgh. During his time there, he joined a school group of naturalists. 

Naturalism is the philosophy that laws of nature dictate the universe and nothing super natural or relating to God can interfere with that.

A year after he joined the Naturalists Society, and at the persuading of his father, Darwin left the university of Edinburgh to study at Christ's College at Cambridge to become a clergyman. During his time there, Darwin became more and more interested in natural sciences and the study of natural history. 

Charles Darwin's Travels on the HMS Beagle

He became close friends with a botany professor who encouraged his study and landed Darwin a spot on the HMS Beagle, a ship that was to travel around the world to the survey the southern most tip of South America.

Darwin boarded the ship as a gentleman clergyman and companion to the commander of the HMS Beagle. In the five years that the ship sailed, Darwin studied in Brazil, Chile, The Galapagos Islands, and Australia.  While there, he examined patterns in nature This voyage led Darwin to question many things involving natural selection, evolution and origins of species. 

After his return, Darwin published a five volume book called The Zoology of the Voyage of the HMS Beagle, detailing his different findings from around the world.

The Theory of Evolutionism an Darwinism

In 1842, Darwin and his family moved to Down House in Kent, where it took him 15 years to research and write his first book on natural selection and the theory of evolution. 

In 1859 the first edition of Darwin's impressive 447 page book, On the Origin of Species was published. 

On the Origin of Species introduces the theory that evolution happens over the course of natural selection. Darwin included evidence and research from his days aboard the HMS Beagle. With great debate, critic and later acceptance, Darwin's concept of evolution has become the unifying idea for modern sciences. 

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