Video:The 5 Principles and 10 Commandments of Hinduismwith Koti
The principles and commandments of Hinduism are important for all Hindus to understand and practice in their daily life. Here is more information on the 5 principles and 10 commandments of Hinduism.See Transcript
Transcript:The 5 Principles and 10 Commandments of HinduismHi, I'm Koti and I'm a volunteer at the Hindu Temple of Greater Cincinnati for the past 15 years. Today I'm with About.com, and I'm going to talk to you about the Hindu basic principles.
There are fifteen basic principles, very easy to remember: A-E-I-O-U-Y of H-I-N-D-U-I-S-M.
5 Principles of Hinduism: A-E-I-O-U
- "āno bhadrāh kratavo yantu viśvatah" (ṛg Veda): Many noble thoughts come to us from every side, the whole world.
- "ekam sat-viprāh bahudhā vadanti" (ṛg Veda): Truth is one, people call it by different names. "īśāvāsyam idagam sarvaṃ, yat kiñcat jagatyāṃ jagat,tena tyaktena bhunjItā, mā gṛdhah kasyasviddhanam" (īśa upaniṣad): The whole world is permeated by Lord. It is an ever changing world, the only thing constant is the Lord permeating everything, the living and the non-living, the moving and the non-moving.
- "Om iti brahma, Om itIdagam sarvam" (taittireeya Upanishad): Om is God, Om is everything [Om is the womb of everything! Om represents our birth.
- "Uddharedātmanātmānaṃnātmānamavasādayet ātmaiva hyātmano bandhuḥātmaiva ripurātmanaḥ" (Bhagavadgītā): Elevate yourself by your own effort, never put yourself down, (because) you are your best friend (and) you are your worst enemy.
- “Yopāṃ āyatanaṃ veda, āyatanavān bhavati" (Yajur Veda): One who realizes the sustaining power of Lord, he indeed is in good hands (Compare this to the Christian belief: If you believe that Jesus died for your sins, you will be saved).
The 10 Commandments of HinduismNow, H. I. N. D. U. I. S. M.
- "H" for harmony: Hinduism respects all religions and thusaspires for mutual tolerance and respect
- "I" for incarnation (Avatār): God descends to Earth inany form and under any sky as may be needed to uphold dharma (righteousness). There is no space, time, form ornumerical limitation to an avataar.
- "N" for nonviolence (Ahisṃsa). Hinduism recognizes that life supports life. One should avoid causing unnecessary injury (in thoughts, words or deeds) to oneself or other fellow beings, including other life forms. Vegetarianism is a desired outcome, but never a prerequisite to be a Hindu.
- "D" for dharma (righteousness). Always support what is right. This is a necessity: Dharma is the basis of harmonious life. If we don't support Dharma, it is as if chopping branches of the tree (of life) we are taking shade under.
- "U" for unity of existence. Everything and all beings are interconnected or interrelated and are essentially the manifestation or extension of the Supreme (God).
- "I" for inherent value. God is omnipresent and omnipotent. Both the manifest and the unmanifest are a projection of God. They are supported, directed and controlled by God as well. The God can be worshipped in any 'form' or 'no form.' Just as the flag is a symbol of a nation, an idol for the Hindu is symbolic of the God. A Hindu worships the God enshrined in the idol.
- "S" for supreme reality (Brahman, another name for God; not to be confused with Brahma or Brahmin). Supreme reality is both formless and with form, impersonal and personal, transcendent and imminent. The supreme realityis known by many names.
- "M" for moksha and mantra. Dharma (Virtue), Artha (Material prosperity), Kama (pleasures) and Moksha (liberation from cycles of birth & death, harmonious union with God) are the goals of life.
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