Video:About the Four Earth Sphereswith Matt Rosenberg
Earth spheres comprise the area near the surface of the Earth. Learn about the four earth spheres: the biosphere, the hydrosphere, the biosphere and the atmosphere.See Transcript
Transcript:About the Four Earth SpheresThe area near the surface of the earth can be divided up into four inter-connected geospheres, the lithosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and atmosphere. Scientists can classify life and material on or near the surface of the earth to be in any of these four spheres.
The names of the four spheres are derived from the Greek words for stone (litho), air (atmo), water (hydro), and life (bio).
LithosphereThe lithosphere is the solid, rocky crust covering entire planet. This crust is inorganic and is composed of minerals. It covers the entire surface of the earth from the top of Mount Everest to the bottom of the Mariana Trench.
HydrosphereThe hydrosphere is composed of all of the water on or near the earth. Ninety-seven percent of the earth's water is in the oceans. The remaining three percent is fresh water; three-quarters of the fresh water is solid and exists in ice sheets
BiosphereThe biosphere is composed of all living organisms. Plants, animals, and one-celled organisms are all part of the biosphere. Most of the planet's life is found from three meters below the ground to thirty meters above it and in the top 200 meters of the oceans and seas.
AtmosphereThe atmosphere is the body of air which surrounds our planet. The air of our planet is 79% nitrogen and just under 21% oxygen; the small amount remaining is composed of carbon dioxide and other gases.
Additionally, there will be elements of the hydrosphere present as moisture within the soil, the biosphere as insects and plants, and even the atmosphere as pockets of air between soil pieces.
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