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Video:Common Wires Used in Homes

with Matt Ediger

Learn all about the different types of wires used in the home. Here, see an explanation of the common wires used in the home and the reason why they are used.See Transcript

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Transcript:Common Wires Used in Homes

Hello, I’m Matt Ediger from About.com and this is a brief guide to your houses wiring.

Different Types of Wires Used in the Home

In your average home there are hundreds of feet of wire and they all have a specific purpose. There are 11 common gauges, we’ll explain them starting from smallest to largest.

Kinds of Wires Used in the Home

18 gauge while having the highest number it is the smallest in diameter and can safely be used in cords for low voltage lamps. And is rated for 10 amps.

16 Gauge is commonly used for your standard extension cord drawing 13 amps

14 gauge wire typically power 15 amp lighting fixtures and track lighting

12 gauge wires are found is used in kitchen appliances, sump pumps, and window A/C units these can withstand 20 amps

Gauge 10 Wire are what’s found powering your clothes dryers 220-volt A/C units built in ovens and electric water heaters. This gauge wire are rated at 30 amps

8 Gauge is what allows you to use your electric cook top. Ad these draw 45 amps

6 Gauge wire powers your Electric furnace or larger electric heaters and have allowance for 60 amps

4 gauge wires can also be found sending electricity to furnaces, larger electric water heaters and will not short if the amperage is kept below 802 this gauge wire is what goes into your standard breaker box and is rated at 100 amps

Gauge 1 and 2 are only typically used for service entrances and are rated for 150 and 200 amps respectively. Hopefully this guide has helped you learn a bit more regarding the wiring of your house. It's highly recommended that you hire a professional to work on the electrical aspects in your home.

If you would like to learn more please visit us on the web at About.com thanks for watching.
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