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Video:Walking Tour of the Mall and DC Monuments

with Heidi Dehncke-Fisher

Whether you have visitors in town or want to spend the day wandering the Mall, here's an easy walking tour that includes many highlights along the way.See Transcript

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Transcript:Walking Tour of the Mall and DC Monuments

Hi, I'm Heidi Dehncke-Fisher, a video journalist with About.com and today I'm going to take you on a walking tour of the monuments and memorials on the National Mall in Washington, DC.

History of the National Mall

The Mall was a revisement of the original plans designed by architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant. After the 1901 McMillan plan was implemented - the Mall design we know today began. All of the memorials and monuments on the Mall are administered by the National Park Service. Spring time is the most temperate in this mid Atlantic zone and for a walk that lasts several hours.

The Jefferson Memorial

The Metros Smithsonian stop is a central starting point at the Mall. Starting in the south mall area known as the Tidal Basin - The Jefferson Memorial is located at 15th St., NW, at the Tidal Basin, South Bank. A haunting salute to the nation's 3rd president the Greek Roman style was designed by architect John Russell Pope.

Roosevelt Memorial

As you head north and walk throughWest Potomac Park you will encounter the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, dedicated in 1997 to the profound memory and accomplishments of our nation's only three term president

The Lincoln Memorial

The Lincoln Memorial is located at 23rd Street, between Independence and Constitution Avenues in Washington, DC. The Memorial was built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. The architect was Henry Bacon, the sculptor of the main statue (Abraham Lincoln, 1920) was Daniel Chester French, and the painter of the interior murals was Jules Guerin. South east of the Lincoln Memorial is the Korean War Veterans Memorial - 19 statues sculpted by Frank Gaylord. They are approximately 7'3" tall, on heroic scale and consist of every service branch. They also represent an ethnic cross section of America.

Vietnam War Vetrans Memorial

Just north east of the Lincoln Memorial lies the Vietnam War Veterans Memorial. Yale University architecture student Maya Lin won a $50,000 contest to design the monument. 58,000 names are etched into the wall and the reflective granite mixes the past with the present. As you head east from the Mall, the Constitution Gardens make up the northern section until you reach the National World War II Memorial.

World War II Memorial

Opened in 2004, it is a National Memorial dedicated to Americans who served in the armed forces and as civilians during World War II. Consisting of 56 pillars and a pair of arches surrounding a plaza and fountain, more than 4 million people visit it each year.

The Washington Monument

The Washington Monument is next. Designed by architect Robert Mills, the obelisk was built to commemorate the first U.S. president, General George Washington. It is made of marble, granite, and bluestone gneiss, and is both the world's tallest stone structure and obelisk, standing at 555 feet 5+1⁄8 inches. It is also the tallest structure in Washington D.C. From that point on until the Capitol, the Mall consists of the Smithsonian Museums and the White House to the north. From the Lincoln Memorial to the Capitol Building, the Mall spans about two miles.

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