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Video:Tips on Working With Citrus Fruits

with Chef Roblé Ali

Cooking with citrus fruits will give your food a fresh, dynamic flavor. Learn how to work with all varieties of citrus fruits, from lemons to oranges and grapefruits.See Transcript

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Transcript:Tips on Working With Citrus Fruits

Hi, I’m chef Roblé for About.com. Today, we’re gonna learn how to work with citrus fruits including zesting, sectioning and juicing.

How to Use a Zester

There are several ways of removing the zest from the fruit. The first method is using what we call a zester. It gives you nice little strings of citrus zest. The way you use it is to start of on one end of the citrus fruit and apply pressure. Just pull it back and across ant it gives you nice little strings of citrus zest.

Vegetable Peelers

The next method involves a vegetable peeler. What it does is peel off thin little slivers of citrus zest. Same principal as with the zester which we used before. You just start out on one side. Apply some pressure, right across and it pulls off nice little slivers of citrus zest.

Graters

The third method is using a rasp style grater. They’re also called microplanes. This gives you tiny little slivers of citrus zest. We’re gonna start off on one end applying pressure and gives you nice little slivers and they all end up neatly inside of this little well right here.

Sectioning Citrus Fruit

So after zesting we still have fruit on the inside so let’s get the most out of this lemon. We’re gonna cut the top & bottom. What we’re gonna do is section this lemon. Just want to cut it to expose some of the fruit in there. Top & bottom right. So, I’m gonna trim around the outside of the lemon. Here’s the trick. See this little line right here? As I cut down I’m going to follow this line all the way around the lemon. Just following that line. And, we have a peeled lemon.

Next thing is sectioning out the flesh between these white lines. What I’m gonna do is put my knife right on one of these white lines and press in and against it as I’m cutting down. Gonna do the same thing here at the bottom. Lining my knife up with one of these sections here. Comes right out super clean. There might be a little seed in there which you can easily pluck out. We’re gonna keep repeating this process, cutting between the sections and getting all of the sections of citrus fruit out. This works well for all citrus fruits. Lemon, limes, oranges, grapefruit, basically all of the citrus fruits same principle. So there is your sectioned citrus fruit.

Juicing Citrus Fruit

Finally, we’re gonna juice our citrus fruit. Here we have a juicer, some people call it a reamer. Something bothers be about that word, I just call it a juicer. Of course a lemon. We have a strainer which is gonna pull out all the seeds and a little receiving cup. First thing we want to do is take this lemon, apply a little bit of pressure to the top of it and roll it back and fourth. What this is going to do is to allow the lemon to release more juice once we get around to juicing it which is next.

Secondly we’re gonna cut it in 1/2 right across the lemon. Make sure you cut across the lemon. Not with the grain of the lemon if you will. Cut across the lemon. These are the two ends. Were gonna cut it right across the middle. Right down the middle of the lemon.

Ok we have our two halves of the lemon. Put one down. Apply pressure directly into this lemon. It’s gonna release all of this delicious lemon juice. Right into the cup. The good thing about having this strainer is that all the seeds are in here and all of the juice is right where it’s supposed to be.

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