Video:Learn Facts About Ironwith Anne Marie Helmenstine
Learn facts about iron, which is commonly a mixture of four isotopes, but in its pure form, can be very chemically reactive. Here are some more facts about iron.See Transcript
Transcript:Learn Facts About Iron
The Different Forms of IronThere are 14 known isotopes of iron. Common iron consists of a mixture of 4 isotopes.
Pure iron is chemically reactive and corrodes rapidly, especially in moist air or at elevated temperatures. Four allotropic forms, or ferrites, are known: a, b, g, and d, with transition points at 770, 928, and 1530°C.
The a form is magnetic, but when iron is transformed into the b form, the magnetism disappears, although the lattice remains unchanged.
Iron's Uses in Plant and Animal LifeIron is vital to plant and animal life. In humans, it appears in the hemoglobin molecule. Iron metal is usually alloyed with other metals and carbon for commercial uses.
Iron's Different AlloysPig iron is an alloy containing about 3% carbon, with varying quantities of Silicon (Si), Sulfur (S), Phosphorus (P), and Manganese (Mn). Pig iron is brittle, hard, and fairly fusible and is used to produce other iron alloys, including steel.
Wrought iron contains only a few tenths of a percent of carbon and is malleable, tough, and less fusible than pig iron. Wrought iron typically has a fibrous structure.
Carbon steel is an iron alloy with carbon and small amounts of Sulphur (S), Silicon (Si), Manganese (Mn), and Phosphorus (P). Alloy steels are carbon steels that contain additives such as chromium, nickel, vanadium, etc. Iron is the least expensive, most abundant, and most used of all metals.
Sources of IronIron is a relatively abundant element in the universe. The sun and many types of stars contain iron in quantity. Iron is found native in a class of meteorites called siderites and it is a minor constituent of the other two classes of meteorites. The Earth's core is thought to be composed mainly of iron, with about 10% occluded hydrogen. Iron is the fourth most abundant element in the Earth's crust.
The atomic number of Iron is 26. And the symbol is Fe.
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