Video:Learn Basic Neon Factswith Anne Marie Helmenstine
Learn basic neon facts so that you can know more about this rare gaseous element that creates fun-colored lights. Here are some basic neon facts.See Transcript
Transcript:Learn Basic Neon FactsIn Greek, neos meant new and that's how the word neon originated. Natural neon is a mix of three isotopes.
Basic Properties of NeonThe melting point of neon is -248.67°C, boiling point is -246.048°C, density of gas is 0.89990 g/l, density of liquid at boiling point is 1.207 g/cm3, and valence is 0.
Neon is very inert, but it does form some compounds. Neon is known to form an unstable hydrate. Neon plasma glows reddish orange. The discharge of neon is the most intense of the rare gases at ordinary currents and voltages.
Uses of NeonNeon is used to make neon signs. Neon and helium are used to make gas lasers. Neon is used in lightning arrestors, television tubes, high-voltage indicators, and wave meter tubes. Liquid neon is used as a cryogenic refrigerant, as it has over 40 times the refrigerating capacity per unit volume than liquid helium and over three times that of liquid hydrogen.
Neon is a rare gaseous element. It is present in the atmosphere to the extent of 1 part per 65,000 of air. Neon is obtained by liquefaction of air and separation using fractional distillation.
The atomic number of Neon is 10. And its symbol is Ne.
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