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Video:Different Types of Chocolate

with Jesse Rosado

If you're new to cooking with chocolate, the number of different types of chocolate can be daunting. Here's an easy guide to the differences between the different types of chocolate.See Transcript

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Transcript:Different Types of Chocolate

Hi! This is Jesse Rosado for About.com. Today, we're going to talk about different types of chocolate, with some tips from About.com's Candy site.

Basis for Types of Chocolate

Chocolate starts with cacao beans, which are fermented, dried, roasted and ground. From that, you get the solid fat cocoa butter, and you also get chocolate liquor, or roasted, ground cocoa beans. These products determine what you're getting in your final chocolate product. First of all, let's talk about cocoa powder. This is an unsweetened powder made from pulverized roasted cocoa beans. Generally, you find cocoa powder in two varieties. Natural cocoa power has a very strong chocolate flavor. Dutch-processed cocoa powder is darker and has a milder chocolate flavor. Dutch-processed, or alkalized, cocoa powder is best used in recipes that call for baking powder.

Unsweetened and Dark Chocolate

Unsweetened chocolate is also known as baking chocolate. This is pure chocolate liquor, and is composed entirely of ground cocoa beans. Since it has no sugar or other flavoring additives, it's not meant to be consumed on its own, but to add deep chocolate flavor to baked goods. This is the base for all other forms of chocolate. Dark chocolate contains chocolate liquor, sugar, cocoa butter and lecithin. Dark chocolate contains no milk solids. The cocoa content can range from 30 percent to even 80 percent.

Bittersweet and Semi-sweet Chocolate

Bittersweet chocolate contains at least 50 percent chocolate liquor and tends to be more bitter than sweet or semi-sweet chocolate bars. However, the amount of sugar is not regulated and some bittersweet bars may be sweeter than others. Semi-sweet chocolate contains at least 35 percent cocoa solids, and taste-wise, tends to be somewhere between sweet dark chocolate and bittersweet chocolate. Again, the sugar content is not consistent across brands.

Milk Chocolate and White Chocolate

Milk chocolate contains cocoa butter, chocolate liquor and milk product. Milk chocolate must contain at least ten percent chocolate liquor, 3.39 percent butterfat, and 12 percent milk solids. Milk chocolate is usually much sweeter and lighter than dark chocolate, and harder to temper. White chocolate contains cocoa butter and no other cocoa products. This means it tastes more like vanilla or other added flavorings. White chocolate must contain at least 20 percent cocoa butter, 14 percent milk solids and no more than 55 percent sugar.

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