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Video:Homemade Soap From Scratch

with David Fisher

Making your own soap allows you to combine a little bit of creativity, a little bit of cooking, and a little bit of science into something you can use everyday. Start making your own soap today!See Transcript

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Transcript:Homemade Soap From Scratch

Hi, I am David Fisher for About.com Making your own soap from scratch is a fairly easy process that allows you to combine a little bit of creativity, a little bit of cooking, and a little bit of science into something you can use everyday.

Homemade Soap Ingredients

You really just need a few things:
  • lye solution
  • a selection of soap making oils
For this recipe I am using:
  • 6.5 oz coconut oil
  • 6.5 oz palm oil
  • 7.5 oz olive oil
  • 1.3 oz of castor oil
  • soap safe fragrance or essential oil (for this recipe,1 oz fragrance oil)

Homemade Soap Supplies

You will also need:
  • a scale
  • a pitcher to mix your lye solution
  • pitchers or large bowls to measure your oils
  • smaller pitchers or bowls to measure your liquid oils and your fragrance oil
  • spoons or whisks to stir
  • a rubber spatula to get the last bits of soap out of the pot
  • a stick blender
  • a soap mold
  • rubber gloves, some eye goggles, and long sleeves are not a bad idea
A note: make sure all of your equipment is glass, plastic, or stainless steel.

Weigh the Soap Ingredients

First put your soap pot or glass pitcher onto the scale and zero out the weight. Following your recipe carefully, weigh the oils one by one into the pot or pitcher. First weigh out all of your solid oils; your coconut and palm oils into your pot or pitcher. Pour slowly. You can always add a tad more, but once the oils been added it is part of the mix and cannot be backed out.

Heat the Soap Ingredients

Since this is a small batch, we are going to heat the oils in the microwave. While your solid oils are melting, weigh your liquid oils like your olive and castor oils separately into another pitcher.

Check the Oil Temperatures

When your solid oils are melted, add your liquid oils to the pitcher. Check the temperature on your oils. You want both the oils and the lye solution to be about 100 degrees before you mix them together. It always best to get all of your equipment and everything organized and ready to go because once you mix your lye and the oils together, you need to move quickly.

Mix the Lye and Oils

Slowly pour your lye into your oils. You can see that they will get a little bit cloudy. And using your stick blender like a spoon, rather then turning it on, just stir a little until it is well blended. Then turn your stick blender on in just a few second blasts. You can see almost immediately that the soap mixture is starting to come together. What we are looking for before we pour into the mold is called trace.

Cool the Soap

And then give it a couple of taps and wiggles to sort of even it out in the mold. Go ahead and cover it with a towel and set it aside in a safe warm place. It will take about 24 hours for the soap to cool completely. Once it is cooled flip your mold over and gently press on the back of the mold. And then, slice it!

When to Use the Homemade Soap

That is it! At least for now. You will want to let your soap cure for about 3-4 weeks before you use it. But then, you will never go back to using store bought soap.

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